Swamp It is a term that comes from the Italian language and whose origin could go back to the name Pantanus, which was a lake of ancient italy . Its about deep place where the waters collect and stop naturally , with a background Usually swampy.
For example: “Be careful: thousands of crocodiles live in this swamp”, “In the middle of the mountains, we find a swamp full of vegetation”, “Carlos fell in the swamp and everything went dirty”.
The swamp is formed by stagnant waters which usually house a very dense aquatic vegetation, despite its shallow depth. There are freshwater and salt water marshes.
In some swamps, the Water It is not completely stagnant, but circulates through canals when very heavy rainfall occurs or during the thaw season. These phenomena promote the movement of sediments and the generation of mud.
It is possible to consider the swamp as a ecosystem , since there can live several species of flora, animals, algae, etc. The Everglades from Florida (U.S ), he Marshland from Brazil , Bolivia and Paraguay and the estuaries of the Iberá in Argentina These are some examples of known swamps.
It should be noted that, in a symbolic sense, the notion of swamp is used to name a difficulty or a hindrance , perhaps due to the fact that people remain stuck like the swamp waters: "The rival defense became a swamp for Uruguayan attackers", "We are in a swamp: the machine broke and we did not get the spare parts".
Let's look at some of the most beautiful swamps in the world:
Great Dismal - U.S
It is located on the border of Virgina and North Carolina and is one of the few zones large wild remaining in the east of the country. For centuries, the Dismal swamp had been exploited in excess, but the creation of a refuge in 1974 was the beginning of a new era for this incredible work of nature. Among the species of animals it houses are the wild cat, the otter and the black bear, about two hundred species of birds and more than seventy amphibians and reptiles, all this without counting the great variety of plants and flowers that complete the cycle from lifetime.
The Pantanal - Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay
The Pantanal is among the largest wetlands worldwide and its beauty It is not far behind. A large percentage of its extension belongs to Brazil, with considerably smaller parts in Paraguay and Bolivia; Its approximate dimensions range between 140 thousand and 195 thousand square kilometers and 80% are submerged throughout the rainy season. The species of plants, mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and invertebrates that inhabit its waters are counted in several thousand.
Swamp of Tigris and Euphrates - West Asia
The Tigris and the Euphrates are two well-known rivers worldwide, which are connected with marshes, lakes and swamps. It is a considerable source of water surrounded by desert. As an unfortunate fact, the Saddam Hussein regime in Iraq did its best to spoil its beautiful landscapes to gain political control and defeat the inhabitants of the place, which resulted in the loss of more than five dozen species of waterfowl, fish and mammals
Candaba Swamp - Philippines
With an area of 32 thousand hectares, the Candaba Swamp is one of the most important bird sanctuaries, mainly of migratory ones, and it displays beauty in all its corners. Their land allow the cultivation of watermelons and rice between November and April; During the rest of the year, the water is not afraid to submerge them completely.