The idea of lyrical subject refers to be that is expressed in a poem . It is a creation that matches the author and can be associated with the narrator subject that appears in stories and novels.
It can be said that the lyrical subject, therefore, is the voice of the poet . The emotions and feelings of a poem are transmitted through this lyrical subject, which is also called poetic.
It can also be indicated that the lyrical subject is the issuer of the text : that is, the person responsible for bringing the content to the recipient through the different statements. Typically, it appears in the first person through pronouns or certain verbal forms.
For example: “We laughed for hours / We dreamed, we loved each other / Everything changed suddenly / when we got tired”. In this example , the lyrical subject is "U.S", although not explicit: “(We) we laughed for hours / (We) we dreamed (U.S) we loved each other / Everything changed suddenly / when (U.S) We are tired".
In addition to all the above about the figure of the lyrical subject, we can highlight other signs of identity about it that can help us understand it much better. Specifically, among the most significant are the following:
-It is proposed that the lyrical subject becomes an alter ego of the author of the work in question.
-Your mission is none other than to let the reader know what the ideas, feelings, fears, desires ... of the narrator come to be.
-As a general rule, this subject in question can be present thanks to the use of verbal forms that are in the first person or through the use of personal and possessive pronouns.
-Other aspect that the rock deserves to underline about it is that it is considered that not only can it be a person but also an object or even a feeling.
If we focus on popular poems, we can also identify the lyrical subject clearly. The famous "Poem XX" or "Poem 20" from Pablo Neruda , which is part of book titled "Twenty love poems and a desperate song" start saying "I can write the saddest verses ...". In this case, the lyrical subject can be associated with the Chilean poet himself. Although it is important to keep in mind that the lyrical subject is a construction that exists within the framework of the poetic work, and a direct correspondence cannot be established with the real writer who creates the composition.
It is interesting to highlight the fact that there are different publications that address the figure of the lyrical subject in the literature. This would be the case, for example, of the work "The lyrical subject in contemporary Spanish poetry and its baroque background", which was made by Luis Martín Estudillo in 2005.
In it he comes to address how, although over the centuries there have been notable changes in the field of poetry, it is no less true that there are still authors who choose to make use of the lyrical subject. All this without forgetting that it presents us with feathers that resorted more or less frequently to its use, such as José de Espronceda.