From Latin relaxatĭo, relaxation is the action and effect of relaxing or relaxing (loosen, soften, distract the mood with some rest). Relaxation, therefore, is associated with reduce physical and / or mental stress .
For example: “My yoga teacher taught me relaxation exercises”, “Listening to classical music helps my relaxation”, “When I'm very nervous, I don't find anything that contributes to my relaxation”.
It is known as relaxation techniques to the methods that allow calm and reduce stress . These techniques imply various benefits for the Health , as they help decrease muscle tension, blood pressure and heart rate.
The anxiety , the panic attacks , the depression , he insomnia and until headache They can be treated and relieved with relaxation techniques, which include activities as diverse as walking, gardening, meditation, listening to certain types of music or praying.
One of the practices most associated with relaxation is the yoga , a set of disciplines originated in China that seek that the subject reaches spiritual perfection and union with the absolute. In the western world, yoga is associated with the domain of the body and the ability to concentrate.
However, in addition to yoga, we have to state that there are many other relaxation techniques and methods. Among them we could highlight meditation, self-hypnosis, massages, tai-chi or acupuncture.
All this without forgetting the technique of Rebirthing, or Renaissance, which was born in the 1960s and is based on two fundamental pillars: developing creative thinking techniques and undertaking various types of breathing. There are, yes, both detractors and favorable to it. The latter, in particular, do so because they believe that it allows achieving inner peace and improving relations with others.
The muscle relaxation , on the other hand, is the time when the contraction of the muscle It comes to an end. Relaxation, therefore, is the end of the physiological process in which the muscles tense and shorten or stretch.
In addition to all this we cannot ignore the use that was given in the past to the term relaxation. Specifically, it was used by the Holy Inquisition to refer to the process of delivering the person who had been sentenced to death to the corresponding court. The objective of undertaking that action was none other than to allow the established sentence to be carried out.
The vile club or the burning were two of the methods used to enforce the death sentence after that act of relaxation cited. It is interesting to note that the last of this kind that was carried out was in 1781 in the city of Seville and the victim was none other than María de los Dolores López, who was accused of having sexual relations with her confessors and lying about supposed divine revelations he had.
Relaxation, finally, is the decrease in punishment or the making the observance of a law or regulation less severe : “The opposition promotes a relaxation in traffic control”, "The rector is willing to negotiate a relaxation of the sanctions".