The European Union (EU ) is a international political community that was established on November 1, 1993 , with the entry into force of Treaty of the European Union . The process of its creation was very complex and dates back to the end of the Second World War , thanks to the promotion of personalities such as the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Robert Schuman .
The Union It is currently made up of twenty-seven members. It is important to keep in mind that this community It does not cover the entire European continent: that is, there are countries in Europe that are not members of the EU, such as Switzerland or Norway . On the other hand, some regions that are not in the geographical territory of the EU, such as French Guiana or Guadeloupe , they are part of the block.
There are several symbols that identify and represent the European Union, one of the most important being its flag. This is blue and a circle of twelve golden stars is placed on it. An east number that was chosen for being considered the one that traditionally means unity and perfection.
However, we cannot forget that another of the identifying symbols of this organization is its anthem. This is the "Ode to Joy", a poetic composition that was written by Friedrich von Schiller and then the great master Beethoven put music on.
Its motto (United in diversity) and Europe Day (May 9) are other symbols of the European Union.
The political and legal system of the EU is very complex, with mechanisms and regulations that have been modified several times throughout history. Its structure forms a kind of supranational government, with seven main institutions: the European Comission , he European Parliament , he European Council , he EU Council , he EU Court of Justice , he Court of Accounts and the European Central Bank .
In addition to the aforementioned institutions, we must not forget the existence of other equally important bodies within the European Union. This would be the case, for example, of the European Ombudsman, the European Economic and Social Committee, the European Investment Bank or the Committee of the Regions.
Most EU member countries share the same currency (the euro ) and form what is known as the Eurozone . However, members like Britain they still keep their own currency (in this case, the pound sterling).
With regard to languages, it must be made clear that within the European Union there are 24 official languages. However, it is true that, as a rule, in certain institutions such as the European Commission, it is usual to work using languages such as Spanish, English, French and German.
To all this we should add the fact that the most widespread sport in the European Union, hence there is a competition at that level: the UEFA Champions League.
Among the official candidates to enter the EU in the coming years, are Turkey , Croatia and the Republic of Macedonia .