In the field of physical , a wave It is a periodic movement whose propagation can occur in a vacuum or in a physical environment. Cross On the other hand, it is an adjective that refers to what moves away from the straight direction, which crosses perpendicularly or that is crossed.
A transverse wave , in this context, is the one that presents a vector magnitude with oscillations in perpendicular direction with respect to the direction of propagation . This feature allows you to differentiate them from longitudinal waves , which oscillate in it address Than the displacement of the wave.
To understand the notion of transverse wave, it is essential to remember that the propagation of waves in a means, medium is linked to the vibration that cause the particles of the medium in question. When the direction of propagation is perpendicular to the direction in which these particles vibrate, it is a transverse wave. On the contrary, if the direction of propagation is the same as the direction in which the vibration of the particles in the medium occurs, the wave is longitudinal.
The electromagnetic waves , for example, are transverse waves. Like the waves that are generated on the surface of the Water if we throw a blunt object, to mention another case.
Suppose we launch a stone to a lake and falls near where a buoy . The direction of the vibration that occurs on the surface is perpendicular to the direction of the wave displacement. The buoy, meanwhile, ascends and descends according to the arrival of the wave fronts, which advance horizontally. The action, in short, resulted in the appearance of transverse waves.