To understand the concept from mitochondria it is essential to immerse yourself in the field of biology . A good way to approach the notion is to analyze its composition, since the term combines two Greek words: mites and kondros. While the first word can be translated as "thread" , the second refers to a "granule" .
Mitochondria, in this framework, are organelles present in the cells eukaryotes (that is, in those that present the DNA protected by a membrane in a differentiated nucleus). In these functional and structural units the cellular respiration , which is the process through which degradation of various organic compounds occurs.
This biochemical reaction that takes place in the mitochondria causes these compounds to become inorganic elements, providing Energy to the cell in the form of adenosine triphosphate .
Mitochondria measure between 0.5 and 8 microns. Although they are elastic and usually merge or fragment, it is usual to be represented as elongated units, surrounded by two membranes : an internal (which has no pores and has a high amount of protein) and an external (with porinas , which are proteins that act as pores). Between both is the call intermembranous space while the mitochondrial matrix and the cytosol They are other areas of these organelles.
When there is a problem in some protein found in the mitochondria, a disorder is generated that is framed in all the mitochondrial diseases . Experts have recorded about a hundred and a half such inconveniences that can cause multiple damages.