The word ethics comes from greek ethikos ("character" ). This is the study of the moral and of human actions to promote desirable behaviors . An ethical sentence implies the elaboration of a moral judgment and a norm that indicates how the members of a society .
An occupation means an occupation that is developed in order to collaborate with the welfare of a society. To perform this work it is necessary that the professional (person exercising the same) act responsibly, following the requirements that the current law poses for the development of that activity.
The professional ethics It aims to regulate the activities carried out within the framework of a profession. In this sense, it is a discipline that is included within the applied ethics since it refers to a specific part of reality.
It should be noted that ethics, in general, is not coercive (it does not impose legal or regulatory sanctions). However, professional ethics can be, in a way, in the deontological codes that regulate a professional activity. The deontology It is part of what is known as normative ethics and presents a series of principles and rules of mandatory compliance.
It could be said, therefore, that professional ethics studies the binding norms collected by professional ethics. Ethics suggests what is desirable and condemns what should not be done, while ethics has the administrative tools to ensure that the profession is exercised ethically.
The journalistic ethics For example, it condemns that a journalist receives money to publish biased news in favor of a certain person, organization or company. In the business world, on the other hand, ethics indicates that a seller cannot carry out operations outside the company for which he works as an employee.
Professional ethics derives from a concept known as Business ethics which establishes the conditions in which the human being must relate to his environment. Both forms of work are interrelated as it is so important to offer a fair service and perform responsible work, such as preserving the habitat in which we develop it.
Within business ethics there are three branches that define the relationship of different professionals with their habitat. They are: limited economicism (whose fundamental objective lies in maximizing the benefits but complying with what is imposed by current legislation, preserving the environment and trying to meet the social demands of the environment), rationalist dualism (It is based on the search for profit respecting the principles imposed by a rationalist ethical theory, which determines what is right) and moderate realism (understands that the human being has the ability to meet the needs of their environment and as such is responsible for establishing an equitable relationship with their environment).
When we are born we acquire our legal personality; through which we receive a series of rights and duties that will govern our life thereafter. However, to develop a full social life it is necessary to acquire professional training. That is, a particular interest in a particular activity and the studies necessary to develop it well. But it is not enough with this learning, it is necessary to know how to use it; This means exercising responsibly.
The responsibility A person resides in his obligation to respond for his own actions. It is conditioned by freedom and will. With regard to professional ethics, the responsibility of an individual forces him to develop his work ethically and fairly, trying to cooperate, to the extent possible, with the common good.