Before entering fully into the meaning of the term at hand, we will proceed to discover the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Structure, first, derives from Latin. Exactly of "structure", which is the result of the sum of two lexical components of that language: the adjective "structus", which means "built", and the suffix "-ura", which can be translated as "activity".
-Organizacional, secondly, comes from the Greek. Specifically, it derives from the word "organon," which is synonymous with "tool" or "instrument." To shape the whole, the suffixes "-al" and "-cion" have been added, meaning "relative to".
The notion of structure It can be used to name the alignment or distribution of the various components of a set. Organizational , meanwhile, is that linked to a organization .
It is called Organizational structure in the manner chosen by an entity to manage your activity and resources . This structure is given by a series of formal and informal relationships that the corporation develops to reach its objectives and meet your goals.
The organizational structure of a company implies arranging the roles of employees and executives in a certain way to achieve the best possible performance. With a good structure, the interrelationships flow optimally and each of the company's actors can perform their task efficiently.
In addition to everything indicated, we can establish that there are different types of organizational structures:
-Geographic, which is the one used by many companies that have operations internationally. It basically consists of organizing based on the headquarters that are distributed throughout the different corners of the world.
-Functional, which, as its name implies, is based on what are the tasks or functions that each employee has.
-Horizontal, which also responds to the name of employment power. It empowers employees to self-manage and make decisions.
-Central, which is very common among large companies and that is essentially that each group of employees is under the direction of a supervisor.
-Matricial, where the structural organization is established based on projects.
Beyond the particular characteristics of each company, it can be said that, in general, the first step in establishing an organizational structure is to identify the activities that must be carried out to classify them and group them . Then it is essential to appoint a responsible person to supervise each group of activities and make the necessary decisions. This vertical arrangement must be horizontally coordinated with the rest of the groups of activities for the proper functioning of the organizational structure.
For the process to be successful, it is necessary to define precisely the obligations and the rights of each of the members of the organization. In turn, it is essential to establish the scope of the authority of all the participants so that the group can function properly.