The concept of age , from the Latin word Aetas, has several uses. This time we are interested in its meaning as each period in which the history of humanity is divided. The modern On the other hand, it is associated with that linked to recent years or the speaker's time.
The Modern age , in this framework, it is one of the historical ages. The notion specifically refers to the period between the Middle Ages and the Contemporary age .
By convention , historians indicate that the Modern age it developed between the XV century and the century XVIII . In this way, it happens at Middle Ages (which extends from V century to the XV ) and precedes the Contemporary age (of the century XVIII to the present).
Many times certain historical events are taken to delimit the ages with greater precision. In the case of Modern age , usually its beginning is fixed in the arrival of the Europeans to the American continent (1492 ) or to the fall of Constantinople which marked the end of the Byzantine Empire (1453 ). As for the end of this age, there are those who place it in the French Revolution (1789 ), while others mention American independence (1776 ).
The predominance of reason, the development of communications and the hope in progress are some of the main values and milestones of the Modern age . In it began the rise of capitalism and the strengthening of Nation states , which were consolidated in the Contemporary age .
In the same way, we cannot ignore the fact that in the Modern Age another important series of events such as the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, Absolutism, the birth of National States in Europe or religious reform took place. Likewise, events such as the Thirty Years War, the restoration of the Holy Inquisition, the Glorious Revolution are also framed within this period ...
Regarding the main hallmarks of this historical stage, some of the following should be highlighted:
-Trade by sea becomes the main element that facilitates the economic development of many nations.
-In the same way, it was characterized because during the same European monarchies were strengthened.
-Not less relevant is that it hosted a large number of explorations and discoveries that gave rise to what is known as colonization.
- There was also an important advance at the scientific level. And it is that a great variety of discoveries were carried out in subjects such as anatomy, mathematics, biology, astronomy ...
-Also, it should be stressed that the Modern Age is also characterized because it allowed religious reform that would lead to the appearance of Calvinist or Lutheran churches, for example.
-With regard to art, it should be noted that there was a huge development of it thanks to the aforementioned Renaissance, within which some of the greatest artists of all time and works that are famous would emerge.