The speech therapy , known in Latin America as speech therapy , is the set of methods for teaching normal phonation to those who have pronunciation difficulties .
It's about the science that evaluates, diagnoses and treats the problems of language, voice and swallowing. Its purpose is prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and comprehensive evaluation of disorders of the human communication , whether they belong to the scope of speaks or of language .
Speech therapy even takes care of orofacial problems , through myofunctional therapy. In some countries , there is the figure of the teacher of hearing and language, a professional who can be confused with the speech therapist when doing similar jobs within the educational framework.
Speech therapy, for example, can take care of the treatment of aphasia , which is the loss or disorder of speech ability due to an injury in the language areas of the cerebral cortex. This dysfunction makes it impossible or diminishes the ability to communicate through oral language, writing or signs.
The dysphasia An abnormality in language that is supposed to be caused by a brain injury can also be treated by the speech therapist. Dysphasia is usually named as a specific language disorder (TEL) or a specific language development disorder (TEDL) and is defined by exclusion, since it names the onset or delayed development of language that cannot be attributed to a sensory deficit, mental deficiency, psychopathological disorder, socio-affective deprivation or obvious brain injury.