When it comes to finding the etymological origin of the word thirteen we have to go back to Latin because in that language there is that one, more exactly in the term tredĕcim.
He thirteen (word that is represented in numbers through the union of 1 with 3 ) is the figure belonging to the group of natural numbers what happens to twelve (12 ) and is before the fourteen (14 ). The thirteen is also recognized as the Prime number that comes after the eleven (11 ) and appears before the seventeen (17 ).
Along the history and in different cultures , this value has been associated with the bad luck or with sacred type issues . For example, for mayan , was a figure considered sacred because it represented the thirteen moon phases .
Also, in Judaism this number is also considered a bad omen because thirteen were the evil-related spirits. And in the same way it happens in a Nordic belief where this number is the one that identifies an evil deity called Loki that was the one that caused the death of the favorite god Balder.
In contrast, many Western countries consider thirteen to attract bad energy. There is even the triscaidecaphobia , a disorder that is characterized by experiencing an inconsiderate fear of this number. It is said that the superstition arises from the fact that, during the Last Supper Thirteen individuals sat at the table and one of them died.
For example, in the Formula 1 thirteen is not used (as in the planes ). The same with some football teams . There's also streets omitting portal 13 and Hotels They avoid using the 13th floor to not bother their eventual guests. In Madrid On the other hand, there is no bus line 13.
It should be noted that in Latin America and in Spain , he tuesday 13 It is considered a bad omen, as is the case in Anglo-Saxon nations with Friday the 13th .
Such is the negativity that encloses this last date that has precisely given name to one of the most important horror sagas of all time: Friday 13. In the 80s it was when the first of the twelve films that have appeared formed the group. The origin of the story he tells is the accidental death in 1957 of a boy named Jason in the lake of a camp called Crystal Lake.
A victim is that from then until today does not seem to rest in peace because all those who are in that place will gradually die in strange and wild circumstances that make a black legend around that enclave begin to circulate.
At tarot , the number 13 is interpreted as death and in its hidden sense it represents change (the death of something and the birth of something else).
Finally, it must be said that thirteen is the preferred value of witches and that which prevails, then, covens (the place where sorcerers celebrate their meetings and rituals).
As with witches, it is necessary to emphasize the fact that the number 13 is not always seen negatively. Thus, for example, this figure is linked to Freya, a German goddess who identifies herself with love.