Aerodrome It is a concept that comes from the Greek language. The term is used with reference to the flat surface which has tracks and of the necessary equipment so that they can land and take off the aircraft .
The concept of aerodrome is very similar to the notion of airport . The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) clarifies that an airport is also composed of a flat surface with runways and equipment for the movement of aircraft although, in this case, these facilities allow the regular traffic of air vehicles (airplanes in particular).
According to these definitions, an airport is a public airfield with the necessary infrastructure and services so that hundreds or thousands of people can use, simultaneously, the air Transport . In other words: an airport is a type of airfield.
The aerodromes, in short, are lands with certain constructions and facilities that serve to aircraft take off or land. There are airfields that are private , although its operation must be regulated by the authorities that control the airspace of the territory in question. In everyday speech, it is not common to use the terms aerodrome and airport indistinctly, since the former is mainly associated with the activities of small aircraft, especially for activities within the field of army and sports.
The sports airfields they are those destined for short-term recreational flights. They usually have a single runway and hangars for aircraft, which can be planes Acrobatic, gliders or even hot air balloons.
The military airfields , also known as military bases , are used for the movement of aircraft of the armed forces. For issues related to the security , it is normal that they are located far from the cities .
In general, the term aerodrome is used to refer to a field of flight of limited dimensions although with services such as the rental of vehicles and the hiring of taxis, among others. In the military field, the concept usually refers to an airport where aircraft are not left permanently . Similarly, the part of the airfield that consists of the runways of taxiing, takeoff and landing (he flight field) is usually found at airfields intended for private aviation, for sports and ships they are very light; Its tracks may not be made of cement, but drawn over extensions of land or grass.
One of the best known aerodromes is the of the Cervera , which is located in the Spanish city of Cáceres, a short distance from the capital. Its creation took place with the objective of replacing the Cáceres airfield, in the second half of the 70s, when the latter ceased to be used for purposes military .
At that time, the state government had a development plan in place that offered some low-income cities the means necessary to build new airports; Cáceres, who was then in full development stage, met all the requirements, and that is why his administration agreed to such assistance. The site chosen to start the building of the aerodrome was the homonymous farm, which had a total extension of 274 hectares.
Today, the Cervera airfield has several hangars, which are destined to ultralights and light aircraft . The main track, on the other hand, has not ceased to be compacted earth. In one of the adjoining grounds there is an aeromodelling club, which also rents one of the slopes of flight of the aerodrome to carry out its activities.