Rest is what is left over or subsists of a whole . The notion is also used in math , chemistry and in various games and sports , with different specific meanings.
For example: "After finishing lunch, the young man gathered the remains and gave them to the dogs", "The remains of the singer will be repatriated in the next few hours", "A group of paleontologists discovered the remains of a large carnivorous dinosaur near the creek".
The remains can be the leftovers of the food . If a person prepares a ham and cheese sandwich but only eats a third of it, what he did not eat constitutes the remains of the sandwich in question.
The notion of remains or mortal remains refers to corpse of a person or what's left of him: "His remains were veiled in Congress", "Justice asked to exhume the remains of the victim to conduct further studies", "I want my mortal remains to be cremated and my ashes thrown into the sea".
Although it is also possible to use the word remains to refer to the corpse of any species, both animal and vegetable, it is not as common, since for our cultures the death It is usually very difficult to accept, or to have associated a series of rituals and concepts that distance it from what it means from a biological point of view: a necessary stage of the life cycle.
This does not mean that for other animals death does not have deeper meanings than mere "stop living", but that the human being cannot know through the observation so limited and loaded with prejudices which makes them, and therefore prefers to deny this possibility and treat them as basic and slave entities of the nature , who do not do more than their instinct and genetic inheritance tells them; In other words, they teach us that a dead human being is a symbol, while a dead horse is a mountain of flesh and bones in the process of decomposition.
On the other hand, people who manage to establish emotional ties with individuals of others species (dogs, cats and horses, among others) do not usually think in this way: before the death of their four-legged friends they react as if they had lost a human being, or even with greater regret. While scientists talk about subjects and specimens of a species as if they were mass-produced products, they refer to animals by their first names and identify them with endless unique and unrepeatable features .
It is known as Fossil remains , on the other hand, to the vestiges of organisms that lived in the Prehistory . These remains usually become rocks from their mineralization, a peculiarity that allows their subsistence in the weather . Thanks to the fossil remains you can know how the dinosaurs were, to cite an example.
The prehistoric remains of constructions, vessels, tools and sculptures, among other elements, are called archaeological remains. As with fossils, these remains allow us to generate knowledge about the past , both about social or political issues (how certain ancient civilizations organized their settlements, how they ate, what resources were available to the inhabitants on public roads) and of natural disasters that swept through entire cities.
One of the most impressive examples is that of the old city from Pompeii, belonging to the Roman Empire, where an eruption of Vesuvius left frozen to its inhabitants, because of pyroclastic flow , a mixture of trapped air, solid materials and hot gases that advances at ground level at speeds ranging from 10 to 200 kilometers per hour.