America is the name of a continent which is located in the Western Hemisphere of the land . Its limits are formed by the oceans peaceful (West), Atlantic (this) and Arctic (north) and by the islands Diego Ramírez (south).
Little more than 30% from the surface emerged from planet corresponds to America, where the 12% of humanity The surface of the continent is of 43,316,000 square kilometers . Because of its immensity, it is common for America to be divided into South America , Central America and North America .
At a geographical level, we can highlight that the three aforementioned divisions of America have different areas of value such as the following:
-In the case of North America, we run into the Great Basin, the Great Lakes, the Sierra Madre Oriental, Mesoamerica, the Canadian Arctic, the Great Plains, the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre del Sur.
-In Central America, on the other hand, the Central Cordillera, the Caribbean Plate and the American Caribbean stand out.
-In South America, on the other hand, there are the South American Caribbean, the Orinoco Plains, the Andes, the Gran Chaco, the Pampa, the Patagonia, the Plata Basin, the South Atlantic Islands, the Amazon Plain or the Southern Cone, among other geographical areas.
The name of America is a tribute to Americo vespucio , a Florentine cosmographer and navigator. Vespucio He was one of the first people to suggest that the American land corresponded to a new continent and not to the Asian continent, as they believed Christopher Columbus and other explorers. That's why when, in 1492 , Colon came to America I thought I was arriving at Indian . In honor to Vespucio , the geographer and humanist Mathias Ringmann gave the name of America to the continent in the planisphere "Universalis Cosmographia" whose drawing was work of the cartographer Martin Waldseemüller .
It is important to note that America is a territory populated since several millennia before Christ. The arrival of Colon and other navigators began the European conquest of the land where the so-called pre-Columbian peoples lived, such as aztecs , mayan and Incas .
Nowadays, U.S is the country most populated of America , followed by Brazil , Mexico , Colombia and Argentina . Other countries of important demographic development in the continent are Peru , Venezuela , Chile , Ecuador and Guatemala .
He language most talked about America is the Spanish. Millions of Americans also speak English , French , Portuguese , Quechua , Aymara and Guarani , among other languages.
Other data of interest regarding America are the following:
-Its most important rivers, in terms of length, are the Amazon, which has 6,968 kilometers and that crosses Peru, Colombia and Brazil; Mississipi-Missouri, which is 6,019 kilometers and is located in the United States; and the Mackenzie. This is located in Canada and has 4,420 kilometers.
-With regard to its highest peaks are the Argentine Monte Aconcagua, with 6,961 meters; and Ojos del Salado, which is 6,893 meters high and is located in the territory of Argentina and Chile.
-Among the most interesting and recognized areas of this continent worldwide are the Amazon rainforest, the Argentine paleontological reserve of Valle de la Luna or the Patagonian Steppe, among others.