Acrylic it is a concept that, in the field of chemistry , is used as adjective to qualify that material obtained through the polymerization of a chemical compound called acrylic acid .
Member of the set of carboxylic acids (which have a functional group called a carboxy or carboxyl group, where a carbonyl group and a hydroxyl group on the same carbon coincide), acrylic acid has a double bond. It is possible to obtain it by propylene , which is a byproduct of the refining process of Petroleum .
Acrylic acid, when found in state pure, it is a liquid that has a strong smell and that lacks color. It can be mixed with chloroform, alcohols, water and other substances and allows you to create different polymers in a simple way. That is why acrylic acid and its derivatives are used for the production of different paints and plastics that are simply known as acrylics.
Acrylonitrile, for example, allows to produce acrylic fiber . Similar to wool, this fiber is used to make clothing and for the development of different textile products, such as carpets and blankets.
The acrylic paintings On the other hand, they have their pigments dispersed in an emulsion made with some acrylic polymer. By having a plasticized material, they can resist the action of Water when they are dry (this drying process, on the other hand, develops very quickly). Before drying, instead, they dissolve in water. It should be noted that acrylic paints are usually generically named as latex .
For those who are looking for glossy and good quality finishes in their paintings, but do not have enough time or money to use oil , acrylic paint is the best option. According to the artists who have specialized in this material, it offers very satisfactory results since the process is truly rewarding.
The first step to embark on acrylic paint is to choose the right brand and format, something that can be overwhelming for beginners, given the dozens of options available in the market. Experts say it is convenient to invest in high-end or high-end products, since the difference with the most economical ones is worth it. One of the basic differences is that cheap brands do not have a pigment as thick as the faces, and that entails the need to apply two or three extra layers to achieve the same brightness and saturation as with only one of the latter.
Regarding the distribution format, which can be flask or tube , the ideal for someone without experience is to opt for the latter, since it is sold in smaller quantities than the bottle and that allows to experiment without spending so much money; it should be clarified that there is no difference in the quality of the painting it means. Another essential point is the choice of colors; It is recommended to start with the basics, which can be yellow ocher, crimson alizarin, mars black, titanium white and ultramarine blue. With them it is possible to create virtually all the necessary colors, provided they are mixed properly.
The first purchase of brushes can be a bit arduous, given the great variety, but the experience depends largely on this step. Basically, there are two categories according to which brushes are divided: material of its bristles (most prefer synthetics) and the shape of its tip (round, cat tongue or flat). Finally it is time to buy a palette where to mix and store the paint, and the surface on which to paint, that is, the canvas or the wood.
Acrylic, finally, is the most usual name of a plastic material that, for their characteristics , you can stay outdoors for a long time without deteriorating.