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The word poetry comes from the Latin term poēsis, which in turn derives from a Greek concept. It's about the manifestation of the beauty or of aesthetic feeling through the word , either in verse or prose. In any case, its most usual use refers to poems and compositions in verse .

Although it is difficult to establish the origin of poetry, they have been found Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions of the year 2,600 BC , which are considered the first poetic manifestation of which there is a record. Are songs , of which the music , which have religious significance and that are developed in different genres, such as odes , hymns and elegies .

In ancient times, poetry had a ritual and community character , especially in towns like Sumerians , the Assyrian-Babylonians and the Jews . Besides the religion , other themes were emerging, such as weather , the daily work and the games .

There are certain formal rules that make a text considered as part of poetry, such as verses , the stanzas and the rhythm . These types of features are part of the metrics of poetry, where poets apply their literary and stylistic resources. When a group of authors share the same characteristics in their poetry, they usually talk about the conformation of a literary movement .

Among the main characteristics of poetry, the use of elements of symbolic value and of literary images as the metaphor , who need an active attitude on the part of those who read the poems in order to decode the message.

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