Before discovering the meaning of the term motherboard, it is necessary to know the etymological origin of the two words that shape it. In this case, we have to highlight the following:
-Plate derives from the French "plaque" and this in turn from the Dutch "placken", which means "spread."
-Base, meanwhile, emanates from the Latin "basis" and this from the Greek "bainein", which is equivalent to "walking."
A Informatic team It is created from multiple components. In a computer , one of the most important elements is the motherboard , which can also be referred to as motherboard or, in English, as motherboard .
This license plate It has multiple printed circuits that allow the interconnection of the different elements that are part of the computer . For this, it has connectors and sockets that allow to specify the necessary links between each of these elements.
The motherboard also has an integrated firmware It is known as BIOS . This kind of software begins to develop its functions at the same time when the computer is turned on, loading the operating system and providing essential instructions to the hardware.
Fundamental pieces in the motherboards, in addition to those already exposed, are the buses. These are responsible for transporting information between the different areas of the computer and there are several ways: data, control, system, address or expansion.
On the motherboard is also the CMOS memory which, thanks to a battery, still works when the computer shuts down. In this way, the CMOS memory it is used to save the configuration of the equipment , day and time, among other important data that cannot be lost even though the computer does not receive electrical power.
Although, usually, the motherboard only has room for a microprocessor , there are cards that are trained to connect multiple processors. The management of two or more microprocessors on the same motherboard can be developed symmetrically (tasks are distributed equally between processors) or asymmetrically (each of the microprocessors performs a different function).
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore that currently two types of motherboards are made for computers, whether desktop or portable. On the one hand, there are those that are made for AMD microprocessors and on the other, those that are developed for Intel microprocessors.
Throughout history, these types of components have evolved a lot. Hence, a variety of motherboard formats have been attended, such as these: XT, AT, ITX, ATX, BTX or DTX.
Among the main motherboard manufacturers, we can mention Intel , Dell , Foxconn , ASUS , VIA , M: YES and Biostar , among others.
For different reasons, the motherboards suffer problems that cause the paralysis of the tasks of your computer. Among the most frequent are these: the BIOS is burned, the slots are damaged, failures occur in the power source, the overheating of the north bridge chip occurs, there are short circuits ...