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The equipment are those instruments , tools and dispositives that are needed to develop a certain action. Who has these things, therefore, is equipped .

The act of equipping consists of specify the preparations to run a draft . Only once such preparations are completed, it can be said that the subject is already equipped.

For example: “I am already equipped for the camp! I have my backpack ready ”, "The squad was advancing through the jungle, equipped to enter combat when necessary", "Unfortunately we were not well equipped to make such an expedition".

The most frequent use of the concept of equipment refers to the preparation of a army or other fighting force . Soldiers must have weapons, food, shelter, logistic resources and other objects to be equipped and able to face a battle.

A person who decides to make a crossing For a natural environment it also has to be equipped. Depending on the terrain chosen, you must have different tools, although at a general level you can mention supplies such as drinking water, food, a compass, a razor or other sharp element, some communication equipment, a map, etc.

Frequently, the notion is used together with a qualifier that judges the preparation in question. When the preparations were adequate, we talk about someone who is “Well equipped”. Instead, if the steps prior to the campaign or action they are deficient, will be "Badly equipped": "To make the revolution, we need well-equipped men and willing to leave everything for the ideal", "It is impossible to succeed with a poorly equipped group like this".

The Spartan army

When looking for an example of a well-equipped army, the Spartan often emerges, which has gained special notoriety in recent years thanks to the film "300". He training of the Spartan soldiers, it was so rigorous that it began from their gestation: their mothers had to carry out a series of demanding exercises while they were pregnant so that their children were born strong and robust.

If the preparation of the mothers was not successful and the boy or girl was born weak, so they took their lives. In the opposite case, the male children were separated from their mothers at age 6 and sent to pupil schools where they received a very strict discipline to become soldiers.

The education of future soldiers was in charge of citizens experienced in combat and focused mainly on physical preparation, to the detriment of training academic Young people were forced to walk barefoot and be naked to become stronger and more resilient. They received less food than necessary, to encourage them to steal; when they were caught eating someone else's food, however, they were punished, although not for the act itself but for the lack of discretion. This hard lesson prepared them to seek supplies in the midst of the hard battles that awaited them.

Two of the elements present in the equipment of a Spartan soldier were the following:

* the aspis (a shield) : no army can be considered well equipped if it does not have a shield . The aspis was a bowl of little curvature made of wood sheets and exterior decorations in metal or paint. Its weight was between 6 and 8 kilograms and had a diameter that could measure between 90 centimeters and 1 meter;

* armor : It was built with linen and bronze scales were added. Several leather bands allowed it to be fastened at shoulder, chest and abdomen. A metal bib served to protect the center of the soldier's torso and could also have a leather cape for the bottom. The Spartan breastplate was sturdy and provided a great flexibility to the fighters.

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